As defined by the American Academy of Dermatology, facial eczema is a condition which involves the irritation of the skin on various levels. With a more biological jargon, it is also referred to as atopic dermatitis. Facial eczema may result in swelling and itching of the skin, leading up to a point where treatment is not a choice but a compulsion.
There are multiple forms of treatment procedures for facial eczema, which result in the relief from itching and inflammation. These treatments revolve around medications, self-care measures, and other home remedies which may be useful in reducing the severity of the skin problem.
1 – Medications for Facial Eczema
Medications are certainly one of the most popular ways to go about treating any sort of medical condition. They are our first bet, whether these are antibiotics, over-the-counter medications, or other complicated ones that may be prescribed by the doctor. These may come in the form of pills, creams, liquids, or even injections.
As stated by the Eczema Society of Canada, medical treatment is one of the most important parts of treating facial eczema. Here are certain types of medications which may be able to help you treat your facial eczema:
Antibiotics & Antihistamines
Various medications are present all over the world which can be used to treat facial eczema. In addition to eczema cream and eczema soap, there are antibiotics that can help kill skin infections and get rid of harmful bacteria.
As per the recommendation of MayoClinic, oral antihistamines are used by facial eczema patients to eradicate the itching that may be present on the skin.
In addition to that, corticosteroid creams, ointments, pills and liquids are also used as powerful drugs which allow you to obtain relieve from the eczema symptoms. These are short-term medications which reduce the inflammation and itching on your skin.
Certain over-the-counter medical moisturizers are also used to trap water within your skin, which repairs the skin and eases itching or dryness. These moisturizers should be used upon consulting your doctor as they may have ingredients which may not be the best for your condition.
As of now, the main root of the atopic dermatitis issue is not fully understood by doctors. However, what they know for sure is that the immune system malfunctions, resulting in a skin issue.
To solve such an issue, you can take drugs which can tone down an immune system such that it does not overreact. These drugs may include methotrexate, cyclosporine, or others. These result in your body keeping up its defenses in order to ensure that there is no strong or violent reaction.
Once again, these are only recommended for a short time as they may have side effects which would not be fruitful for your overall health.
2 – Skincare Treatments for Facial Eczema
It is most important for a facial eczema patient to be able to control their symptoms. Various triggers in your surrounding are what you need to be aware of most. According to the National Eczema Association, eczema tends to become most manageable with a decent skincare routine. Here are certain basic self-care treatments and precautions that would allow you to control your eczema better:
Routine for Skincare
You need to be able to follow a certain routine for your skincare in order to manage your eczema well. It is necessary to bathe in warm water as hot water can dry out your skin. In addition to that, you should use eczema soap rather than a general soap. Furthermore, ensure that you do not rub yourself with a towel but only tap with it.
Moisturizers are also your best friends. As specified by WebMD, moisturizers result in an oilier skin at night, which decreases skin dryness and scaling. Hence, moisturizers can be used to keep your skin soft and may ultimately result in lower irritation and inflammation.
Finally, make sure you are choosing clothes which are comfortable and made of material which do not enhance your eczema. Ensure that you wash new and used clothes in order to avoid skin issues.
Sensitivity of Your Skin
Keep in mind that your skin is sensitive and is prone to allergies and discomfort if scratched or rubbed vigorously. Therefore, make sure you work toward avoiding any sort of contact with substances that may cause you trouble.
Manage Your Diet
Certain foods may be able to disturb your diet and trigger your eczema. This is where you need to play smart and manage your diet very carefully.
If you notice that certain foods worsen your eczema, you need to note this down. Similarly, certain foods may be good for you and will cause your eczema to remain unaffected. You need to be able to communicate with your health-care provider about this and be aware of certain types of trigger foods.
3 – Phototherapy Treatments for Facial Eczema
Ultraviolet light is also used as an electromagnetic radiation source to help treat facial eczema. These rays allow the system to quieten and not overreact. However, the side effect of being exposed to a large dose of ultraviolet light includes the risk of developing skin cancer. Therefore, this treatment is used in lower doses and the skin reactions are observed carefully by doctors who perform it.
A specific and unique machine is used in this process which emits ultraviolet light on the patient’s skin. This results in a lower level of inflammation and itching on the skin. The progress of facial eczema is also reduced as the ultraviolet light exposure to the skin increases vitamin D levels and results in a strong bacteria-fighting system within your body.
Ultraviolet Light Therapy
The patient’s skin is exposed to either UVA or UVB rays which attempt to cure the patient’s symptoms. Prior to the treatment, your doctor may rub coal onto your skin as part of the process. The routine will be repeated a couple of times a week in order to make sure that significant results are produced.
In case ultraviolet light therapy does not result in a significant amount of reduction in your facial eczema problem, doctors may recommend PUVA therapy.
This is when you take a prescription, namely psoralen, prior to the treatment to allow your skin to become more sensitive to the presence of UVA or UVB lighting. This may result in better results for you and may reduce your itching and inflammation.
Facial eczema is a condition that may or may not be prominent at the moment, but it is definitely one you need to be well-educated about. While doctors spend their time researching cures for the diseases, you need to be well-aware of the possible treatment methods that are present.
These include a combination of medications, self-care routines, and phototherapy. Eczema soap and creams are certainly not enough to tackle the problem at hand. You need to use a combination of the aforementioned treatment methods in order to see a significant change in your skin condition. Keep at it, and you will soon see all those symptoms fading away.